“Inflammaging” is a term used to describe the increased production of proinflammatory cytokines (messenger substances); these are associated with chronic disease in elderly people.
Chronic low-grade inflammation is an important factor in a large number of age-related diseases. Arteriosclerosis, for example, is no longer primarily seen as the consequence of a fat metabolism disorder, but rather as chronic inflammation of the arterial wall.
Inflammatory processes also appear to play a key role in the development of other diseases, ranging from dementia and type II diabetes mellitus to cancer. The most well-known age-related diseases caused by inflammation are:
• Gastritis (inflammation of the stomach lining)
• Gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach and intestines)
• Dermatitis (inflammation of the skin)
• Arthritis (inflammation of the joints)
• Myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle)
• Pneumonia (inflammation of the lungs)